Mortgage Terms To Know
A change – either to alter, add to, or correct – part of an agreement without changing the principal idea or essence.
An opinion of the value of a property at a given time, based on facts regarding the location, improvements, etc. of the property and surroundings provided by the appraiser.
CLOSING STATEMENT (HUD)
Itemized worksheet prepared by the Title Company providing all fees associated with the transaction for both the Buyer and Seller.
COMPARABLE SALES “COMPS”
Sales that have similar characteristics as the subject property are used for analysis to determine the value of the home.
A report on the past ability of a loan applicant to pay installment payments.
Provides any and all restrictions and/or guidelines for the neighborhood/community of the home.
Deposit/down payment made by a Buyer of real property as evidence of good faith; a deposit or partial payment. Will be given to title company at the time of executed Contract.
A fee is charged by the title company to service the transaction, to escrow monies, and cover documents. The amount varies with the company; usually split between the Buyer and Seller.
Several companies offer home warranties at different levels. Can be paid for by Buyer or Seller. Will cover home maintenance issues for one year after the purchase of the home.
Enforces the Deed Restrictions of the neighborhood and ensures all restrictions and guidelines are met. They can assess fees and put a lien on your home if you do not pay the annual dues or are in violation of Deed Restrictions.
Protects the property and contents in case of loss must be for at least the loan amount or for 80% of the value of the improvements, whichever is greater.
An examination of a property by a professional including pool/spa, well, septic and termite.
Cost of loan funds; always paid in arrears.
A description of land recognized by law, based on government surveys, spelling out the exact boundaries of the entire parcel of land. It should so thoroughly identify a parcel of land that it cannot be confused with any other.
A form of encumbrance that usually makes a specific parcel of real property the security for the payment of a debt or discharge of an obligation. For example, judgments, taxes, mortgages, and deeds of trust.
The points a lender charges; may be paid by either buyer or seller on conventional loans; the number of points fluctuates with the mortgage money market.
Charged by the homeowner’s association as set out in subdivision restrictions.
MORTGAGEE’S TITLE POLICY
Required by the lender to ensure that the lender has a valid lien; does not protect the buyer.
Fee Buyer pays for the option to terminate a contract. The option fee is for the option period in which the Buyer has their inspections done. It gives the Buyer the ability to “opt-out” of the contract during the option period if they desire to. If the Buyer opts out of the contract, this fee is NOT refundable. If the Buyer closes the transaction, the fee is applied toward the home.
A fee the buyer pays the lender to originate a new loan.
OWNER’S TITLE POLICY
Ensures that the buyer has title to the property.
A payment that combines Principal, Interest, Taxes, and Insurance – your ENTIRE monthly mortgage!
1% of the loan amount.
POWER OF ATTORNEY
A written instrument whereby a principal gives authority to an agent. The agent acting under such a grant is sometimes called an “Attorney-In-Fact”. If you are unable to attend a closing yourself, you can appoint a Power of Attorney to sign for you.
PRIVATE MORTGAGE INSURANCE (PMI)
Insurance against a loss by a lender (Mortgagee) in the event of default by a borrower.
Charged by the county clerk to record documents in the public records.
“Picture” of the home and property. Confirms lot size and any encroachments, easements, or boundaries.
Seller pays their taxes from January 1 to close date by a credit to Buyer on the Closing Disclosure. The buyer is responsible for paying the entire tax bill at year-end.
Certifications issued by taxing authorities showing the current year’s taxes, the last year the taxes were paid, and any delinquencies to be collected at closing.